The Conservative rebels were the long-time pro-EU MP Ken Clarke, Heidi Allen, Guto Bebb, Richard Benyon, Jonathan Djanogly, Dominic Grieve, Stephen Hammond, Philip Lee, Nicky Morgan, Robert Neill, Mark Pawsey, Antoinette Sandbach, Anna Soubry and Sarah Wollaston.
However, two amendments were only passed by three votes and a heated, bad-tempered debate provided some of the stormiest scenes the House of Commons has seen in recent years.
Johnson resigned as Foreign Secretary last week in protest against Theresa May's Brexit plans, throwing the Cabinet into further chaos and raising the prospect of a leadership challenge against the prime minister.
"But in practice having looked through the detail now it just won't and I can not see how, going forward, the common rulebook will be workable in practice".
He added that the political system in the country was "being torn apart" by Brexit and a second referendum may be needed if MPs could not reach a consensus on the issue.
Ms Greening, who quit Theresa May's Cabinet in January, said Parliament is "gridlocked" over Brexit and the public should be given another vote that includes the option to remain in the European Union.
Astronomers find 12 new moons orbiting Jupiter, including an "oddball"
A greater number of irregular moons because it tells us about a time during Jupiter's formation when the planet was still growing. The orbit of a dozen previously unknown moons around Jupiter are shown here, including the " oddball " discovery, Valetudo.
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) earlier this month warned that many pharma manufacturers were not ready for Brexit and there was a risk of supply shortages for some medicines if action isn't taken soon.
The votes were preceded by frantic activity in the Commons, with live negotiations conducted on the floor of the chamber as Government whips led by Julian Smith made approaches to rebel MPs.
The first step of a trade bill establishing the legal basis for Brexit has cleared the lower house of the British parliament with a vote of 317 in favour and 286 against.
If it were to happen, it would be a short-lived arrangement, focussed exclusively on Europe, with a new Prime Minister to take charge of the negotiations, and our only objective would be to get the best possible deal.
"Each day that ministers waste arguing amongst themselves increases the risk of the United Kingdom crashing out of Europe without an agreement".
It was unclear whether they will actually press them to a vote after some pro-EU MPs backed Mrs May's Chequers plan and EU white paper.
Veteran spinner Padmakar Shivalkar praises Kuldeep Yadav for accuracy, loop
FIFTY! Virat Kohli gets to his 48th ODI fifty as visitors continue to dominate despite the dismissals of Rohit and Dhawan. The breakthrough came when Mark Wood bowled Rohit for 15 to leave India 49 for 1 in the ninth over of the chase.
"So if we were going to find something that was Britain's interest, that delivered on the referendum and that was negotiable, we had to make what is a compromise but is a positive in terms of the benefits it gives us".
A no deal Brexit would seriously damage the United Kingdom banking industry, Mark Carney said yesterday.
There is no majority in Westminster for a hard Brexit that would do untold damage to people's standard of living. "More and more Tory MPs are saying it should be the people not some hard Right minority".
The Government said it would "revisit" the EMA amendment when it comes before the House of Lords.
May also said talks had already started with Brussels based on the proposal set down in a white paper policy document last week after her divided government had thrashed out a deal at her Chequers country residence.
"We would look to be an active participant and this would involve making an appropriate financial contribution".
Maurizio Sarri 'bored' by transfer market but wants to 'improve' Eden Hazard
A new era at Chelsea is officially underway after Maurizio Sarri was unveiled on Wednesday afternoon. But I feel happy at Chelsea , it's not that I necessarily want to leave".