Croatia wouldn't miss again, eventually eliminating the World Cup hosts when Ivan Rakitic converted his penalty, sending Croatia back to the semifinals for the first time since its World Cup debut in 1998.
Preview: Croatia and Russian Federation did just about enough to emerge successful from their respective round of 16 matches but will need to replicate their group stage form and attacking mindset when they clash in Saturday's World Cup quarter-finals in Sochi.
Modric and Rakitic were decisive in the shootout but didn't play up to expectations in regulation and extra time, unable to create many significant chances for Ivan Perisic and Mario Mandzukic up front.
However, there was controversy after the match with Croatia's Vida facing possible disciplinary sanctions from Federation Internationale de Football Association after posting a clip dedicating his country's victory over Russia in the World Cup quarter-final to Ukraine.
In the semi-finals of the Croatia national team will meet with the England team which today won the team of Sweden. Representatives of the Russian team before the match said that the Croats are strong enough players that Russia has to surprise them.
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Russia's Denis Cheryshev started the scoring in the second match of the day with a goal that is a shoo-in for any list of great World Cup knockout goals.
However, Croatia's lead lasted only 14 minutes as Fernandes met a free-kick just from the edge of the box on the right with a header to beat Subasic as the match needed a penalty shootout to decide the victor. Croatia then went ahead with a soft Domagoj Vida header in the eleventh minute of extra time but Russian Federation still managed to bounce back through Fernandes.
Denis Cheryshev with his 4th goal of the tournament, had given Russian Federation the lead with a stunning strike in the 31st minute but eight minutes later an Andrej Kramaric header brought Croatia level. However, Andrej Kramarić equalized the scoreline with a header from Mario Mandžukić's assist in the 39th minute.
"They've shown character once again", Dalic said.
Other fans looked to the future on the heels of Russia's best World Cup performance since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
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Croatia were level six minutes from half-time after a brilliant counter.
Fedor Smolov missed the first with a weak Panenka effort that was easily stopped by Danijel Subasic, while opposite number Igor Akinfeev stopped one - a fabulous low save from Mateo Kovacic.
Croatia's most influential player at the World Cup has been Real Madrid midfielder Luka Modric.
After a 1-1 draw after the regular time, Vida headed in a dramatic corner in the 101st minute but he was booked a yellow card for taking off his jersey for celebration. And his header late in extra-time carried Russia's fairytale further than seemed credible, an equaliser for 2-2, and into a second successive penalty shoot-out. But he kept going and pulled off a series of saves in extra-time before reading Fyodor Smolov's intention of a cheeky Panenka penalty in the shoot-out.
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